Also known as a trading range (or congestion), the rectangle formation reflects a consolidation period. Upon breakout, it is likely to continue the original trend. Its failure will change it from a continuation to a reversal pattern. This pattern is easy to spot, as it can be considered a minor side-ways trend.
If it occurs within an uptrend and the breakout occurs on the upside, it is called a bullish rectangle (see the first Figure below) The price objective is the height of the rectangle.
The second Figure displays the currency moves between well defined, flat support and resistance levels. A valid breakout may occur on either side from this consolidation period. The price target (GH) is equal to the height of the rectangle (G'H), measured from the breakout point H. In the numerical example, the price objective is 1.6200, as the 100-pip difference between 1.6100 and 1.6000, measured from 1.6100.
If the consolidation occurs within a downtrend and the breakout continues the original trend, then it is called a bearish rectangle(see the third Figure).
It clearly shows that the currency moves between well-defined, flat support and resistance levels. A valid breakout may occur on either side of this consolidation period. The price objective (HG') is equal in size to the height of the rectangle (GH), measured from the breakout point H. In the numerical example, the price objective is 100.00, as the 100-pip difference between 102.00 and 101.00, measured from 101.00.
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